Spaying Your Female Puppy or Kitten

Spaying is the surgical removal, performed under full anesthesia, of a female animal’s ovaries and uterus. Spaying has many benefits, including health and behavioral advantages for your pet and the social benefit of preventing a contribution to overpopulation.

Spaying reduces or eliminates the incidence of several kinds of diseases. First, a dog or cat with no uterus has no risk of uterine cancer or infection, both of which can be deadly. Spaying also reduces the chances of breast cancer when performed early in life (before two years). This is especially true if the procedure is performed before the animal’s first heat cycle. Spaying prevents your pet from going into heat. Female cats will generally go into heat four to five days every three weeks during the breeding season, although cycles vary between individuals. In an attempt to attract mates, females in heat will urinate in as many locations as possible and yowl loudly, both of which are poorly suited to life in a human home.

Not to be overlooked is the fact that spaying prevents the birth of new puppies and kittens. There is currently a companion animal overpopulation crisis; there are far more dogs and cats than there are homes able and willing to care for them.

As a result, animals are euthanized every day simply because they cannot find a family willing to adopt them. Even if you find a home for an entire litter, it takes away from the number of homes willing to adopt an animal and so merely displaces the problem from the kittens or puppies of your pet’s litter unto other animals.

Many are under the impression that there are health benefits to waiting for your female dog or cat to go into heat or have a litter at least once before spaying. This is an unfounded misconception. The reality is that spaying has the greatest health benefit when completed before the animal ever goes into heat. That said, animals can still benefit from spaying after this window has passed.

The Process

Before your dog or cat can be spayed, we need to do pre-anesthetic blood work to ensure there aren’t issues with either the kidneys or liver. The kidneys and liver filter the anesthesia from the bloodstream. Therefore, any problem with either of these two may be a hazard to a pet undergoing anesthesia. It is possible for there to be issues that do not show any outward symptoms yet could still endanger your pet’s health under anesthesia.

After the Doctor reviews your pet’s blood work results and determines that we can safely proceed, your pet will be given an injection for sedation. During this time, an IV catheter will be placed to allow for fast and easy drug administration in the case of an emergency. A tube will be placed in the throat so that your pet can be connected to an anesthesia machine. The anesthesia machine will administer a combination of anesthesia and oxygen. One of our trained veterinary technicians will perform surgical monitoring. This technician will be tasked with keeping the surgeon informed about factors, including; the patient’s temperature, blood pressure, respiration, oxygen level, and heart rate.

After completing the surgery, your pet will be put in a recovery area, administered an injection of pain relief medication, and closely watched until she is fully awake. The surgeons at World of Animals at Mayfair recommend that your pet wear an Elizabethan collar (cone) when she goes home to prevent licking of the incision. And also, additional pain medication to reduce the discomfort which will follow the surgery. You will need to keep your pet well rested for the first two weeks following surgery and limit unnecessary activity.

Female Puppy or Kitten Spaying Veterinarian

Having your pet spayed is the best way to make sure she lives a long and healthy life with you and your family.